Saturday, October 27, 2018

COMPUTER _IT ABBREVIATIONS

IMPORTANT COMPUTER _IT ABBREVIATIONS




1GL First-Generation Programming
Language

2GL -Second-Generation Programming Language

3GL -Third-Generation Programming Language

 4GL- Fourth-Generation Programming Language 

5GL- Fifth-Generation Programming Language

 ABC -Atanasoft Berry Computer 

AC- Alternating Current

 AI -Artificial Intelligence 

ALGOL- Algorithmic Language 

ALU- Arithmetic and Logical Unit 

ANSI- American National Standards Institute 

ARPANET -Advanced Research Projects Agency Network 

ASCII- American Standard Code for Information Interchange 

ATM -Asynchronous Transfer Mode

 BASIC- Beginner's All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code 

BINAC- Binary Automatic Computer 

BIOS -Basic Input Output System 

CAD- Computer-Aided Design

 CAT- Computer-Aided Translation

 CD- Compact Disc 

CDMA- Code Division Multiple Access 

CLR- Common Language Runtime

 COBOL -Common Business-Oriented Language

 CPU -Central Processing Unit 

CRT- Cathode Ray Tube

 CU- Central Unit 

DARPA -Defense Advanced Research Projects
 Agency 

DAT -Digital Audio Tape 

DBMS -Database Management System 

DDR- Double Data Rate 

DLL- Dynamic Link Library 

DNS- Domain Name System 

DOS- Disk Operating System

DTP -Desktop Publishing 

DVD- Digital Versatile Disc 

EDSAC- Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator 

EDVAC -Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer 

EXE- EXEcutable 

EXT- EXTended file system 

FLOPS- FLoating-Point Operations Per Second

 FTP- File Transfer Protocol

 FXP- File eXchange Protocol 

Gb -Gigabit 

GB -Gigabyte 

HDD- Hard Disk Drive 

HCL -Hardware Compatibility List 

HP -Hewlett-Packard 

HTML -Hypertext Markup Language

 HTTP -Hypertext Transfer Protocol

 IBM -International Business Machines 

IC -Integrated Circuit

 IM- Instant Messaging

 I/O- Input/Output

 IP -Internet Protocol 

IS- Information Systems

 ISDN- Integrated Services Digital Network

 IT- Information Technology 

Kb- Kilobit

 KB -Kilobyte

 LAN -Local Area Network 

LCD- Liquid Crystal Display 

MAC -Mandatory Access Control 

MAN- Metropolitan Area Network 

Mb -Megabit

 MB- Megabyte 

NAS &Network-Attached Storage 

OLE -Object Linking and Embedding 

OLED -Organic Light Emitting Diode

OS -Operating System 

P2P -Peer-To-Peer 

PAN- Personal Area Network 

PC -Personal Computer 

PNG -Portable Network Graphics 

QA -Quality Assurance 

RAM- Random Access Memory

 RGB -Red, Green, Blue 

ROM -Read Only Memory

 SDK- Software Development Kit

 TB- TeraByte

 TRON -The Real-time Operating system Nucleus

 UAC -User Account Control VGA Video Graphics Array

VPN Virtual Private Network 

WAN Wide Area Network 

WAP Wireless Application Protocol 

Wi-Fi Wireless Fidelity

 WLAN Wireless Local Area Network

 WWW World Wide Web

 WYSIWYG What You See Is What You Get 

XAML eXtensible Application Markup Language

 XMS Extended Memory Specification

 XP Extreme Programming

 XSS Cross-Site Scripting

 ZIFS Zero Insertion Force Socket ZOI Zero One Infinity



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