INDIA:At a Glance



Government 
Capital New Delhi
Area 32,87,263 km (Seventh place in tie 242 of the World. 1,20,84s kav exdoding wfindi iis occupied by China and Pakistam)




Boundaries:

Land :China, Nepal and Bhutan in the North, Myanmar and Bangladesh in the East separated by hilly ranges. Pakistan and Afghanistan in the West 

(2) Sea :Arabian Sea in the West, Indian ocean in the South and Bay of Bengal in the East Latitudinal Extent-8-4 N to 37 -6 N. Roughly 29 Latitudes. Longitudinal Extent-68 -7 E to 97 -25' E Roughly 29 Longitudes

Roughly Standard Meridian-82 E. Longitudes (Passing through Allahabad. Time 51 hrs. ahead of Greenwich mean time). Physical Divisions-1. Himalayas Mts. in the North. 2. Great Plains in the North. 3. Plateau region in the South. 4. Coastal plain. 5. Thar desert. Distance of extreme South from equator km. East to West distance-2933 km. North to South distance-3214 km. Sea boundary including Islands-75166 km. Land boundary-15,200 km. Islands Bay of Bengal-204, Arabian Sea- 43


States through which trop passes:

Madhya Gujarat Rajas Bengal, Tripura, Austin m West 

Mountainous Ranges

Godwin Austin K2

(Highest peak in Indía), Beside this Kanchanjunga,

Nanga Parwat, Nanda Devi, Kamet, Makalu, Anna-purna, Mansali, Badrinath, Kedar Nath, Trisul, etc.

Important Lakes:- Wular, Dal, Chilka, Sambhar,Didwana, Husain Sagar, Naini-ko-leru, Pulcit,Bembuad, Lunar, Nakki.

Total Population-1 -1,21,01,93,422 (2011) (P)

Percentage of World Population-1 -17-5%

Density of Population-382 persons km2 as per 2011Census.

Growth Rate-17-64%

Sex Ratio 940: 1000.

Literacy-74-04% (Male Literacy 82-14%, FemaleLiteracy 65-46%).

Forested area-(2011 Report) 6,92,027 km (2105% of the total geographical area).

Soils-Alluvial soil, Black soil, Red and Yellow soils,Laterite soil, Desert and Marshy soil.

Means of Irrigation--Canal (40-0%), Wells (37: 8%)

Tanks (14-5%) and other (7:7%)

Agriculture-1.Wet agriculture where average rainfal is more than 200 cm. 

2. Humidagriculture (Black and alluvial soil area, where rain-fall is 110 to 200 cm). 

3. Jhuming cultivation (North-East India and Western Ghats). 

4. Terrace cultivation

(Hill of arming) At the slopes of Himalayas.

No. of Districts-640 (2011)

Major Ports-13

No. of Class I Cities-300 (2001)

Total No, of Urban Areas 7,935 (2011)

State with maximum no. of cities -Uttar Pradesh(704)

State with highest Urban Population Maharashtra

5,08,27,531 (2011)

State with Highest Percentage of Urban Population Goa 62-17% (2011)

State with Percentage of Lowest Urban Population

Himachal Pradesh: 10-04 (2011)

Smallest State as per area- G (3702 km2)

National Symbol

National Flag: Tri-colour

National Emblem- Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashok.

National Anthem- Jana Gana- Mana- Adhinayak Jaya He



National Song-Vande-Mataram
National Language-Hindi
National Script-Devnagari
National slogan-Satya-Mev-Jayate
National Festival
Gandhi-Jayanti,R republic day,independent day,
National Granth-Geeta
National Project-Five Year Plans
National Mantra -Om
National Currency-₹ Rupees
National River-Ganga
Father of the Nation-Mahatma G
National Flower-Lotus
National Fruit Mango
National tree-Banyan tree
National Sweet-Jalebi
National Game-Hockey
National Animal-Tiger (Panthera Tigris)
National Bird -Peacock (Pao cristatus)